ESTHETIC PLASTIC SURGERY
Plastic surgery is the branch of surgery that deals with remodeling any part of the human body affected by an injury or deformity. The malformation can be congenital, that is, be present from birth, as in the case of children born with cleft palate or cleft lip or other congenital anomaly. The disfigurement may also be a consequence of a surgical injury or deformity necessary for the treatment of diseases such as cancer.
The main objectives of plastic surgery are the correction of anomalies, the restoration of lost functions and the improvement of the appearance of disfigured parts. Plastic surgery is one of the oldest surgical practices. It is likely that nose reconstruction operations were performed in ancient India as early as 2000 BC, when amputations of the nose were a form of punishment; With time, the caste of potters devised a method to reconstruct the nose using a part of the forehead, a technique that is still used today.
There are also some allusions to this type of surgery in ancient Greece and Rome. However, the most significant development of surgical techniques did not take place almost until the sixteenth century, particularly in the work of the Italian physician Gasparo Tagliacozzi.
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